Cholera has killed 2,141 Nigerians, the Nigeria Center for Disease Control,NCDC, has announced.
No fewer than 5,145 suspected cases of cholera including a Case Fatality Rate (of 3.3 percent have also been reported from 23 states and the FCT, as of Sept. 2, 2021.
The NCDC, on its Cholera Situation weekly Epidemiological reports that there was a 62 percent decrease in the number of new suspected cases in week 33 (2,127) compared with week 32 (3,098).
According to the report, Bauchi (855), Katsina (396) and Kano (306) account for 73.2% of 2,127 suspected cases reported in week 34
It noted the suspected cases were since the beginning of 2021, age group 5 – 14 years were the most affected age group for both male and female.
It added that all suspected cases, were 51 percent males and 49 percent were females.
“Twenty-three states and FCT have reported suspected cholera cases in 2021. These are Benue, Delta, Zamfara, Gombe, Bayelsa, Kogi, Sokoto, Bauchi, Kano, Kaduna, Plateau, Kebbi, Cross River, Nasarawa, Niger, Jigawa, Yobe, Kwara, Adamawa, Enugu, Katsina, Borno, Taraba and FCT
“In the reporting week, 16 states plus FCT reported 2,127 suspected cases – Bauchi (855), Katsina (396), Kano (306), Yobe (162), Zamfara (80), Niger (78), Borno (67), Sokoto (45), Kaduna (41), Gombe (21), FCT (18), Kebbi (17), Adamawa (15), Taraba (13), Nasarawa (10), Plateau (2) and Jigawa (1),” the NCDC said.
Of the suspected cases, there were 32 Rapid Diagnoses Test (RDT), confirmed cases from Adamawa (11), Katsina (8), Kaduna (7), Borno (4), Taraba (1) and Yobe (1). There were 32 culture-confirmed cases from Yobe, (12), Adamawa (11), Katsina (8) and Borno (1).
The public health agency added that of the cases reported, there were 48 deaths from Bauchi (10), Kano (7), Katsina (6), Taraba (5), Zamfara (4), Sokoto (4), Borno (4), Niger (3), Nasarawa (2), Kebbi (1), Yobe (1) and Kaduna (1) states with a CFR of 2.3 percent.
“No new state reported cases in epi week 34. The national multi-sectoral EOC activated at level 02 continues to coordinate the national response Epi-Summary”, it stated.
It, however, said that the national multi-sectoral EOC activated at level 2 continues to coordinate the national response.
Cholera is a waterborne disease, and the risk of transmission is higher when there is poor sanitation and disruption of clean water supply.
The wrong disposal of refuse and practices, such as open defecation endanger the safety of water used for drinking and personal use.
These lead to the spread of water-borne diseases such as cholera.
Without proper WASH, Nigeria remains at risk of cholera cases and deaths.
The long-term solution for cholera control lies in access to safe drinking water, maintenance of proper sanitation and hygiene.
Cholera is also preventable and treatable; however, it can be deadly when people who are infected do not access care immediately.